IEC White Paper: Artificial intelligence across industries – en

Artificial intelligence (AI) is continuously making inroads into domains previously reserved to humans. Robots support workers in the manufacturing sector; digital assistants automate office tasks; intelligent appliances order food based on owners’ preferences or control lighting and temperature in the home in preparation of their arrival. Increasingly sophisticated algorithms have the potential to help address some of humanity’s biggest challenges. They also bring about a number of risks and threats that businesses, governments and policy makers need to understand and tackle carefully.

This White Paper sets the scene for understanding where AI stands today and the outlook for the next 5 to 10 years. Taking an industrial perspective, it discusses in more detail: smart homes, intelligent manufacturing, smart transportation/self-driving vehicles, and the energy sector.

It covers current technological capabilities and provides a detailed description of some of the major existing and future challenges related to safety, security, privacy, trust and ethics that AI will have to address at the international level. AI will become one of the core technologies across many different industries and standardization will play a critical role in shaping its future.

The White Paper was developed by the IEC Market Strategy Board (MSB) with major contributions from Haier Group and project partner the German Research Centre for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI). Supporting project team members included SAP, Huawei, NSW Data Analytics Centre (DAC), China Electronic Standardization Institute (CESI), LG Electronics, and Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO).

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IEC White Paper: Stable grid operations in a future of distributed electric power – en

Increasingly, electricity is generated outside of big power plants, for example through solar panels, small wind turbines or small hydro, and usually close to where it is consumed. When more energy is generated than consumed, surplus energy is fed back into the existing power network where it can negatively affect grid stability. Unlike with traditional power generation, these additional resources are often invisible to grid operators, who are unable to predict and control when energy is fed back into the network.

This White Paper explores the driving factors behind decentralized power generation. It explores future grid models and technology solutions that will allow grid operators to ensure grid stability and ensure cleaner, affordable and reliable power. It also provides recommendations to industry leaders, policy makers and the IEC community.

The White Paper was prepared by the IEC Market Strategy Board (MSB) advanced network operation project team with major contributions from Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) and project partner GridOptimize. Supporting contributions came from Huawei Technologies, FZSONICK SA, Waseda University, Toshiba Energy Systems & Solutions, and State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC).

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IEC White Paper: Edge intelligence – en, ko

To enable and realize the true value of the internet of things (IoT), edge intelligence pushes processing for data intensive applications away from the core of the cloud to the edge of the network.

This radical transformation from the cloud to the edge, edge intelligence, will support trillions of sensors and billions of systems. It will treat data in motion differently from data at rest.

This White Paper synthesizes current trends in the areas of cloud computing, mobile networking, IoT and other domains that require low delay in communication and decision. Such domains include smart manufacturing, video analysis for security and safety, automotive, intelligent city furniture or virtual reality. The publication explores market potential and vertical use case requirements, analyzes gaps and produces recommendations for adopting vertical edge intelligence technologies.

The White Paper was developed by the IEC Market Strategy Board (MSB) edge intelligence project team with major contributions from Huawei and the Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communications Systems FOKUS.

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IEC White Paper: Global energy interconnection – en, ru, ko

Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces. However, one fifth of the world population still lacks access to energy.

The interconnection of grids would open up an unprecedented opportunity to globally share the resources of the whole planet, bringing clean energy to everybody, everywhere in the world.

Global energy interconnection (GEI) is technically highly complex. It will require a level of dependability never seen before. International Standards inherently contain solutions that will help pre-address this complexity and they play a crucial role in mastering dependability upfront.

This White Paper aims to assess the worldwide needs, benefits, policies and preconditions for GEI. It examines the readiness of potential markets and identifies technical and business trends as well as hurdles. It analyzes and compares several global transmission scenarios and evaluates their impact on energy supply, the environment, technologies, policies as well as standards development, providing recommendations to all stakeholders.

The White Paper was prepared by the IEC Market Strategy Board (MSB) global energy interconnection project team with major contributions from the International Energy Agency (IEA) and State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC).

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IEC White Paper: IoT 2020: Smart and secure IoT platform – en, zh, ko

The internet of things (IoT) is an infrastructure of interconnected objects, people or systems that processes and reacts to physical and virtual information. IoT collectively uses today’s internet backbone to connect things using sensors and other technologies. Through data collection and analysis it achieves a multitude of outcomes that generally aim to improve user experience or the performance of devices and systems.

How data is collected and implemented will determine how transformational IoT can become. Security grows exponentially in importance as devices that were once isolated become interconnected and more and more information is collected. As with most disruptive technologies solutions are developed by a wide range of providers promoting their proprietary approaches which can also impact interconnectivity. Bringing the ambitious visions expressed by IoT to reality will require significant efforts in standardization.

This White Paper aims to provide an overview of today’s IoT, including its limitations and deficiencies in the area of security, interoperability and scalability. It contains use cases that point to requirements for smart and secure IoT platforms. It also discusses next generation platform-level technologies and provides important recommendations to IoT stakeholders and for IoT standardization work.

The White Paper was prepared by the IEC Market Strategy Board (MSB) IoT 2020 project team with major contributions from SAP and the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied and Integrated Security AISEC.

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IEC White Paper: Factory of the future – en, ru, ko

What will manufacturing look like in the future? How will humans and machines communicate with each other? Will our work environment adapt to our needs?
In the factory of the future humans will have to come to terms with an increasing complexity of processes, machines and components. This will require new operating concepts for optimized human-machine interaction.

Nimble, adaptive and intelligent manufacturing processes will be the measure of success. The combination of “virtual” and “real” in order to get a full view of the complete value chain will allow factories to produce products more rapidly, more efficiently and with greater return using fewer resources.

This White Paper will assess the potential worldwide needs, benefits, concepts and pre-conditions for the factory of the future. It identifies the business trends in related technologies and markets, as well as their impact on data, people, technologies and standards.

The White Paper was prepared by the IEC Market Strategy Board (MSB) factory of the future project team in cooperation with the Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA

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IEC White Paper: Strategic asset management of power networks – en, ru, zh, ko

Worldwide, the electricity industry is facing a number of very significant challenges, and the first of these, listed by many electricity network business CEOs, is asset management.

While power networks in developed nations struggle with an equipment base nearing the end of its lifetime, those in developing countries wrestle with trying to identify best-practice examples to model their operations on. This is taking place against a background of changing regulatory environments, climate change, evolving consumer behaviour and new market dynamics.

The current lack of International Standards or guidelines on asset management for electrical networks will have a significant impact on the reliability and future viability of the electricity sector.

This White Paper explores this issue in depth. It examines asset management in the electricity power network sector and identifies areas of asset management practice that could benefit from International Standards.

The White Paper was prepared by the IEC Market Strategy Board(MSB) project team on strategic asset management of power networks with support from N.OGEE Consultants after extensive industry consultation. Three international workshops, held around the world, were attended by electricity network businesses, equipment manufacturers, research institutions and other standards organizations.

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IEC White Paper: Orchestrating infrastructure for sustainable Smart Cities – en, ru, zh, ko

By 2050, it is projected that 67% of the global population will live in cities. Smart cities are necessary to reduce emissions and to handle this rapid urban growth.

However cities, as we know them, are faced with a complex challenge – the traditional processes of planning, procuring and financing are not adequate for the needs of smart cities. Their development requires the right environment for smart solutions to be effectively adopted and used.

Electricity is core in any urban infrastructure system and the key enabler of cities development, so IEC has a specific role to play in the development of smart city standards. Delivering the full value of standards to accelerate the development of smart cities and lower its costs also clearly needs a strong collaboration of all city stakeholders.

This White Paper explains what is needed to move cities to greater smartness; the what, who and how of smart city development. It calls for a wide collaboration between many stakeholders, including other international standardization bodies to ultimately lead to integrated, cost-efficient, and sustainable solutions.

The White Paper was prepared by the IEC Market Strategy Board (MSB) project team on smart cities in cooperation with the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS).

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IEC White Paper: Internet of Things: Wireless Sensor Networks – en, ru, ko

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are generating increasing interest from industry and research. This is driven by the availability of inexpensive, low-powered miniature components such as processors, radios and sensors which are sometimes integrated on a single chip.

The idea of the internet of things (IoT) developed in parallel to WSNs. While IoT doesn’t assume a specific communication technology, wireless communication technologies will play a major role in the roll-out of IoT. WSNs will drive many applications and many industries.

This White Paper discusses the use and evolution of WSNs in the wider context of IoT. It provides a review of WSN applications, infrastructures technologies, applications as well as standards that apply to WSN designs.

The White Paper was prepared by the IEC Market Strategy Board (MSB) wireless sensor networks project team in cooperation with the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

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